Mechanical Engineering Analysis and Test

Focus on Fatigue

MoreVision has developed a number of programs to post-process finite element results, calculate fatigue damage and to plot damage directly onto the FE mesh. The assessments cover code of practices used in many countries (UK - BS7608, France -UIC 515-4 Goodman Diagram, German DIN 15 018, Swedish Volvo standards)
Experimental Methods

MoreVision strain gauge testing compliments its analysis services.
Software Success

MoreVision has sold its innovative engineering calculation software Research Engineers Inc. for worldwide distribution. The product has already earned MoreVision a DTI SMART award for innovation.
Composite Analysis

MoreVision has extensive experience in the modelling composite materials.
Dynamic Analysis
Avoid resonance by performing a dynamic analysis.
Plastic Analysis
What happens when stress rises above yield? - it may not be as severe a situation as you think.

Bolted Joint Analysis

Finite element methods can determine the stresses in almost any part of a structure. However, developing an accurate model of a bolted joint can take a lot of time and effort. The problem is due to the bolt's preload compressing the clamped parts together and to such factors as embedding and preload scatter due to the method of tightening being used.
MoreVision taps into the vast experience of Bolt Science using their proprietary software 'Boltcalc'. A joint can be analysed in minutes by the program when it would take hours by other methods. The empirical data used by the program, such as embedding losses and bolt fatigue endurance strength, may not be readily available to an engineer. Checks are performed to ensure that the joint, will not fail due to a number of failure modes. Specifically, factors of safety are presented for five possible failure modes:
1. Failure of the bolt to provide sufficient clamp force.
The main factor as to whether a bolted joint will sustain the applied forces is will the bolts generate sufficient clamp force or preload? For any application there is a minimum clamping force required to prevent joint failure. The clamping force is required to prevent joint movement being caused as a result of axial and/or shear forces. Both axial and shear forces, acting individually, or simultaneously, can be taken into account, together with any residual clamp force that may be required to maintain a functional requirement such as gasket sealing. In many instances, when a gap in the joint or slippage occurs, then failure by the bolt loosening or fatigue will occur. When fatigue failure occurs, the cause is frequently insufficient preload rather than poor fatigue strength.
2. The bolt being overloaded by the applied force.
If a very high axial force is applied to a joint there is the possibility that the bolt will sustain additional loading that will cause its yield strength to be exceeded. If this does occur then either the bolt will fail due to direct tensile failure, or, when the load is removed, will sustain a plastic deformation that will result in preload loss that could cause the bolt to loosen. The program checks for this possible failure mode and determines a safety factor. For the majority of joints, failure by direct overloading is unlikely because the bolt usually sustains only a small proportion of any force applied to the joint.
3. Fatigue failure of the bolt.
All materials have a tendency to fail under repeated loading at a stress level considerably less than the static strength of the material. This characteristic of materials is known as fatigue and it is a common cause of failure in many products, including bolts. The program will calculate the alternating stress in the thread of the bolt, based upon the forces entered and the characteristics of the joint. The program will calculate the fatigue strength of the bolt material, based upon the user's selection as to whether the bolt thread was rolled or machine cut. The program uses lower bound, empirically derived values for the fatigue endurance strength. If the user has specific information on the fatigue endurance strength of the bolt being analysed, then this can be used in preference to the program value.
4. Excessive bearing pressure.
If the bearing pressure under the nut face exceeds the compressive yield strength of the joint material, plastic deformation will occur. The preload loss from embedding determined by the program, assumes that the compressive yield strength is not exceeded. If it is, then such preload loss can increase uncontrollably. The program checks that the bearing pressure is within acceptable limits and if it is not, recommends a number of design alternatives.
5. Thread Stripping Analysis
Thread stripping is a shear failure of an internal or external thread that results when the strength of the threaded material is exceeded by the applied forces acting on the thread. Thread stripping can be a problem in many designs where tapped holes are required in low tensile material. In general terms thread stripping of both the internal and external threads must be avoided if a reliable design is to be achieved. If the bolt breaks on tightening, it is obvious that a replacement is required. Thread stripping tends to be gradual in nature and it may go unnoticed at the time of assembly. It starts at the first engaged thread, deformations causing this thread to carry the highest load; and successively shears off subsequent threads. This may take a number of hours to complete and so the product may appear fine at the time of assembly. The risk is therefore present that threads that are partially failed, and hence defective, may enter service. This may have disastrous consequences on product reliability. The program checks for thread stripping of the internal and external threads.


Top Software Tools

MoreVision have some 20 years experience of problem solving with ANSYSŪ. They have developed a library of macros and software tools customizing ANSYS for specific problems.
Bolted Joint Analysis
MoreVision uses 'Boltcalc' software in conjunction with FEA for fast & accurate assessments.
Partnering Client Design Teams
Will it fall off? Is it strong enough? How long will it last? These are the questions on the minds of many designers. MoreVision can team up to perform simple strength assessments to allow designers to move forward with the confidence that their designs will ultimately satisfy structural criteria.
Independent Design Audits
A fresh pair of eyes can offer an new  insight into design critical problems.
Fixed Price Contracts
Whenever possible MoreVision offers fixed price contracts from the outset of a project.
Failure Investigations
Simply strengthening an area may not give you the results you want and could make the problem worse. Before a solution can even be considered it is imperative that the mechanics of the failure are completely understood. 
Can we live with cracks?
Let MoreVision help you decide using their custom PD6493 software.
Too Hot to Handle?
MoreVision helps clients solve temperature problems.
Stress Overload?
Use MoreVision to offload work when you're too busy to cope.